Diamonds are among nature’s most precious and beautiful creations. This hardest gem of all is made of just one element: carbon. It’s valued for its colorless nature and purity. Most diamonds are primeval—over a billion years old—and form deep within the earth. Diamonds are the hardest material on earth: 58 times harder than anything else in nature.
A Diamond’s Cut Unleashes Its Light!
We Know Diamonds
By choosing JP Haase Jewelers, you’ll get the assistance you need in choosing the diamond that says exactly what you want it to. Will your diamond be natural or lab created?
Natural “Earth Mined” Diamonds Diamond’s characteristic chemical composition and crystal structure make it a unique member of the mineral kingdom. Diamond forms under high temperature and pressure conditions that exist only within a specific depth range (about 100 miles) beneath the earth’s surface. Diamond’s crystal structure is isometric, which means the carbon atoms are bonded in essentially the same way in all directions. Another mineral, graphite, also contains only carbon, but its formation process and crystal structure are very different. The result is that graphite is so soft that you can write with it, while diamond is so hard that you can only scratch it with another diamond. Only 1 part per million of mined rock material ends up diamond material now that’s rare!
Lab Grown Diamonds These diamonds, grown in a laboratory, share most of the characteristics of their natural counterparts. There are two common methods of producing these diamonds,
Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) – diamond growth in a vacuum chamber due to a chemical reaction which releases carbon atoms that precipitate on diamond seed plates
High pressure, high temperature (HPHT) – diamond growth from a melt flux which dissolves carbon at higher temperatures, and the diamonds form on seed crystals in a lower temperature portion of the growth chamber.
Do you have further questions about our diamonds? We invite you to stop in today to talk to one of our friendly associates!